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22-32-141. Student awaiting trial as adult - educational services - definitions.

Statute text

(1) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) "Federal IDEA act" means the federal "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act", 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq., and the federal regulations for implementing said act regarding the provision of special education and related services to students with disabilities.

(b) "Juvenile" means a person:

(I) Against whom criminal charges are directly filed in district court pursuant to section 19-2-517, C.R.S., or for whom criminal charges are transferred to district court pursuant to section 19-2-518, C.R.S.;

(II) Who is under eighteen years of age at the time the offense is committed; and

(III) Who is less than twenty-one years of age.

(c) "Pupil enrollment count day" has the same meaning as set forth in section 22-54-103 (10.5).

(2) (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (c) to (g) of this subsection (2), if a juvenile is held in a jail or other facility for the detention of adult offenders pending criminal proceedings as an adult, the school district in which the jail or facility is located shall provide educational services for the juvenile upon request of the official in charge of the jail or facility, or his or her designee, pursuant to section 19-2-508 (4)(b.5), C.R.S. A school district may provide educational services directly using one or more of its employees or may ensure that educational services are provided through a board of cooperative services, an administrative unit, or otherwise through contract with a person or entity.

(b) In addition to meeting the requirements specified in this section, for each juvenile in a jail or facility who is a student with disabilities, the school district shall comply with any applicable provisions of the federal IDEA act.

(c) A school district is not required to provide educational services pursuant to this section to a juvenile if the juvenile has already graduated from high school or if the juvenile received a general education development certificate, unless otherwise required by the federal IDEA act.

(d) A school district is not required to provide educational services pursuant to this section to a juvenile for more than four hours per week or during periods of the school year when students enrolled in the school district are not required to attend school, except as may otherwise be required by the federal IDEA act.

(e) If a school district or the official in charge of the jail or facility determines as provided in section 19-2-508 (4)(b.5)(II), C.R.S., that an appropriate and safe environment for school district employees or contractors is not available in which to provide educational services to a specific juvenile, the school district is exempt from the requirement of providing educational services to the juvenile until such time as both the school district and the official in charge of the jail or facility determine that an appropriate and safe environment for school district employees or contractors is available. If the school district will not be providing educational services to a juvenile because of the lack of an appropriate and safe environment for school district employees or contractors, the official in charge of the jail or facility shall notify the juvenile, his or her parent or legal guardian, the juvenile's defense attorney, and the court having jurisdiction over the juvenile's case.

(f) If a juvenile is violent toward or physically injures the school district employee or contractor who is providing educational services to the juvenile pursuant to this section, the school district shall not require the employee or contractor to continue providing educational services to the juvenile, and the school district may choose to cease providing educational services to the juvenile, unless otherwise required by the federal IDEA act. If a school district ceases to provide educational services to a juvenile pursuant to this paragraph (f), the school district shall notify the official in charge of the jail or facility, and the official shall notify the juvenile, the juvenile's parent or legal guardian, the juvenile's defense attorney, and the court having jurisdiction over the juvenile's case.

(g) If a juvenile refuses to accept or participate in educational services, including special education services, a school district shall not be required to provide educational services pursuant to this section. The official in charge of the jail or facility in which the juvenile is held shall offer, at least weekly, to arrange educational services for a juvenile who previously refused educational services. The school district shall be required to provide educational services pursuant to this section upon acceptance by the juvenile.

(3) (a) Each school district in which a jail or other facility for the detention of adult offenders is located shall designate a school district employee to act as the contact person for the jail or facility, which employee may be the child welfare education liaison designated pursuant to section 22-32-138 (2). The school district shall provide to the jail or facility the employee's name and contact information.

(b) Following a request for educational services pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, the designated employee shall determine whether the juvenile was held in a juvenile detention facility prior to transfer to the jail or facility and, if so, shall contact the juvenile detention facility to request the transfer of any educational or other information the juvenile facility may have concerning the juvenile. The designated employee shall ensure that the juvenile receives educational services pursuant to this section so long as the juvenile is held in the jail or facility, unless the designated employee determines that the juvenile meets the conditions specified in paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of this section, or the school district is exempt as provided in paragraph (e) or (f) of subsection (2) of this section, or the juvenile refuses services as provided in paragraph (g) of subsection (2) of this section.

(4) (a) In any budget year in which a school district is providing educational services to a juvenile pursuant to this section on the pupil enrollment count day of said budget year, the school district may include the juvenile in its pupil enrollment, as defined in section 22-54-103 (10), for purposes of determining the school district's total program funding under the "Public School Finance Act of 1994", article 54 of this title.

(b) If the school district begins providing educational services pursuant to this section after the pupil enrollment count day, the school district may seek reimbursement for the costs incurred pursuant to this section from the school district or charter school that included said juvenile in its pupil enrollment for the applicable budget year. Any amount received as reimbursement may not exceed the reimbursing school district's or charter school's per pupil revenue for the applicable budget year, prorated for the period of time that the receiving school district provides educational services pursuant to this section.

(c) If a juvenile who receives educational services pursuant to this section was not included in the pupil enrollment for the state for a budget year in which a school district provides educational services for the juvenile, the school district may seek reimbursement from the department of education for the costs incurred pursuant to this section. Any amount received as reimbursement may not exceed the state average per pupil revenue for the applicable budget year, prorated for the period that the receiving school district provides educational services pursuant to this section. The department of education shall pay reimbursement pursuant to this paragraph (c) from moneys appropriated to the department for said purpose.

(d) (I) In addition to any moneys received pursuant to paragraph (a), (b), or (c) of this subsection (4), a school district that provides educational services pursuant to this section shall receive from the department of education an amount equal to the daily rate established pursuant to section 22-54-129 for educational services provided by approved facility schools, multiplied by the number of days, excluding Saturdays and Sundays, that the juvenile is held in a jail or facility, so long as the juvenile is receiving at least four hours of educational services per week.

(II) On or before the fifteenth day of each month in which a juvenile is held in a jail or facility, the official in charge of the jail or facility in which a juvenile is held, or his or her designee, shall report to the department of education in a manner to be determined by the department, the actual number of juveniles who received educational services at the jail or facility during the prior calendar month to whom the school district provided educational services at the jail or facility. The department of education may accept amended monthly reports from the jail or facility prior to making the distribution of funding for the applicable month pursuant to subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (d).

(III) On or before the fifteenth day of the month following the month in which a jail or facility reported the number of juveniles who received educational services at the jail or facility, the department of education shall pay the school district that provided the educational services the appropriate amount based on the daily rate established for approved facility schools pursuant to section 22-54-129 and the number of juveniles who received educational services.

(IV) In each applicable budget year, the general assembly shall appropriate to the department of education the amount required to reimburse school districts pursuant to this paragraph (d) for educational services provided pursuant to this section. In any year in which the amount appropriated is insufficient to fully reimburse school districts pursuant to this section, the department of education may prorate the payments made pursuant to this paragraph (d).

(V) Notwithstanding any provision of this paragraph (d) to the contrary, a school district shall not receive reimbursement pursuant to this paragraph (d) for any period during which the school district was not providing educational services due to the circumstances described in any of paragraphs (c) to (g) of subsection (2) of this section. The official in charge of the jail or facility, or his or her designee, shall note any such period in the report submitted to the department of education pursuant to subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (d), and the department shall reduce the amount of reimbursement to the school district accordingly.

(e) In addition to any moneys received pursuant to paragraph (a), (b), (c), or (d) of this subsection (4), a school district or administrative unit that provides special education services pursuant to this section to a juvenile who has an individualized education program pursuant to section 22-20-108 may seek excess costs tuition from the juvenile's administrative unit of residence as provided in section 22-20-109.

History

Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (SB 10-054), ch. 265, p. 1208, 1, effective May 25. L. 2012: (4)(a) and (4)(b) amended and (1)(c) added, (HB 12-1090), ch. 44, p. 152, 12, effective March 22.