(1) For the purposes of this section, "expungement" is defined in section 19-1-103 (48). Upon the entry of an expungement order, the person, agency, and court may properly indicate that no record exists.
(2) (a) At the time of the adjudication, the court shall advise the adjudicated juvenile and any respondent parent or guardian of the right to petition the court for the expungement of the juvenile's record. The court, on its own motion or the motion of the juvenile probation department, the juvenile parole department, the juvenile, a respondent parent or guardian, or a court-appointed guardian ad litem, may initiate expungement proceedings concerning the record of any juvenile who has been under the jurisdiction of the court.
(b) Expungement shall be effectuated by physically sealing or conspicuously indicating on the face of the record or at the beginning of the computerized file of the record that said record has been designated as expunged.
(3) After expungement, basic identification information on the juvenile and a list of any state and local agencies and officials having contact with the juvenile, as they appear from the records, shall not be open to the public but shall be available to a district attorney, local law enforcement agency, the department of human services, the state judicial department, and the victim as defined in section 24-4.1-302 (5), C.R.S.; except that such information shall not be available to an agency of the military forces of the United States.
(4) Records designated as expunged may only be inspected by order of the court, after a hearing and good cause shown. Notice of said hearing shall be given to all interested parties at least five days in advance of such hearing.
(5) (a) Expungement proceedings shall be initiated by the filing of a petition in the appropriate juvenile court requesting an order of expungement. No filing fee shall be required. Any record that is ordered expunged shall, notwithstanding any such order for expungement, be available to any judge and the probation department for use in any future juvenile or adult sentencing hearing regarding the person whose record was expunged.
(a.5) Notwithstanding any order for expungement pursuant to this section, any criminal justice record of a juvenile who has been charged, adjudicated, or convicted as a repeat or mandatory juvenile offender shall be available for use by a court, a district attorney, any law enforcement agency, or any agency of the state judicial department in any subsequent criminal investigation, prosecution, or adjudication under this title or during probation or parole supervision, if otherwise permitted by law.
(b) Upon the filing of a petition, the court shall set a date for a hearing on the petition for expungement and shall notify the appropriate prosecuting agency and anyone else whom the court has reason to believe may have relevant information related to the expungement of the record.
(c) The court may order expunged all records in the petitioner's case in the custody of the court and any records in the custody of any other agency or official if at the hearing the court finds that:
(I) The petitioner who is the subject of the hearing has not been convicted of, or adjudicated a juvenile delinquent for, any felony offense or a misdemeanor offense involving domestic violence, unlawful sexual behavior, or possession of a weapon since the termination of the court's jurisdiction or the petitioner's unconditional release from parole supervision;
(II) No proceeding concerning a felony, misdemeanor, or delinquency action is pending or being instituted against the petitioner;
(II.5) (A) The petitioner has satisfied court-ordered restitution or is current on a restitution repayment agreement with the court collections investigator that has been entered in the electronic case record to make payment on a schedule pursuant to section 16-18.5-104 (4), C.R.S.
(B) If, following the entry of an order of expungement under this section, a petitioner fails to make required payments on a restitution repayment agreement, a court collections investigator may, following notice to the petitioner, file a motion with the court that entered the order to have the order of expungement reversed.
(III) The rehabilitation of the petitioner has been attained to the satisfaction of the court; and
(IV) The expungement is in the best interests of the petitioner and the community.
(d) The court shall order expunged all records in the custody of the court and any records in the custody of any other agency or official that pertain to the petitioner's conviction for prostitution, as described in section 18-7-201, C.R.S.; soliciting for prostitution, as described in section 18-7-202, C.R.S.; keeping a place of prostitution, as described in section 18-7-204, C.R.S.; public indecency, as described in section 18-7-301, C.R.S.; soliciting for child prostitution, as described in section 18-7-402, C.R.S.; or any corresponding municipal code or ordinance if, at the hearing, the court finds that the petitioner who is the subject of the hearing has established by a preponderance of the evidence that, at the time he or she committed the offense, he or she:
(I) Had been trafficked by another person, as described in section 18-3-503 or 18-3-504, C.R.S., for the purpose of performing the offense; or
(II) Was coerced by another person, as described in section 18-3-503, C.R.S., to perform the offense.
(6) A person is eligible to petition for an expungement order:
(a) Immediately upon:
(I) A finding of not guilty at an adjudicatory trial;
(II) Dismissal of the petition in its entirety as a result of nonprosecution of the offense; or
(III) Successful completion of a juvenile diversion program, a deferred adjudication, or an informal adjustment;
(a.5) At any time for the purposes described in paragraph (d) of subsection (5) of this section;
(b) One year from the date of:
(I) A law enforcement contact that did not result in a referral to another agency; or
(II) The termination of the court's jurisdiction over the petitioner after successful completion of probation;
(c) Three years from the date of:
(I) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2013.)
(II) The petitioner's unconditional release from commitment to the department of human services; or
(III) The petitioner's unconditional release from parole supervision; or
(IV) (Deleted by amendment, L. 96, p. 1163, 6, effective January 1, 1997.)
(d) Five years from the date of the termination of the court's jurisdiction over the petitioner or the petitioner's unconditional release from probation or parole supervision, whichever date is later, if the juvenile has been adjudicated a repeat or mandatory juvenile offender and if the juvenile has not further violated any criminal statute.
(7) The following persons are not eligible to petition for the expungement of any juvenile record:
(a) Any person who has been adjudicated as an aggravated juvenile offender pursuant to section 19-2-516 (4) or a violent juvenile offender pursuant to section 19-2-516 (3);
(b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2013.)
(c) Any person who, as a juvenile, has been charged by the direct filing of an information in the district court or by indictment pursuant to section 19-2-517, unless the person was sentenced as a juvenile in the same matter;
(d) Any person who has been adjudicated for an offense involving unlawful sexual behavior as defined in section 16-22-102 (9), C.R.S.
(8) A person may file a petition with the court for expungement of his or her record only once during any twelve-month period.
(10) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the physical destruction of any criminal justice record.
Source: L. 96: Entire part added with relocations, p. 1163, 6, effective January 1, 1997; (9) added, p. 1588, 18, effective January 1, 1997. L. 98: (7)(d) added and (9) repealed, p. 399, 4, 5, effective April 21. L. 2002: (7)(d) amended, p. 1187, 24, effective July 1; (7)(b) amended, p. 1523, 223, effective October 1. L. 2009: (7)(c) amended, (HB 09-1044), ch. 19, p. 96, 1, effective September 1. L. 2012: (5)(d) and (6)(a.5) added, (HB 12-1151), ch. 174, p. 623, 6, effective August 8. L. 2013: (2)(a), (3), (5)(c)(I), (6), and (7) amended and (5)(a.5) and (10) added, (HB 13-1082), ch. 238, p. 1155, 1, effective August 7. L. 2014: (5)(d)(I) amended, (HB 14-1273), ch. 282, p. 1157, 21, effective July 1. L. 2016: (5)(c)(II.5) added and (7)(e) repealed, (SB 16-065), ch. 277, p. 1143, 3, effective July 1.
Editor's note: (1) This section was formerly numbered as 19-2-902. The said section 19-2-902 was contained in a title that was repealed and reenacted in 1987. Provisions of that section, as it existed in 1987, are similar to those contained in 19-1-111 as said section existed in 1986, the year prior to the repeal and reenactment of this title.
(2) Section 5 of chapter 277 (SB 16-065), Session Laws of Colorado 2016, provides that changes to this section by the act apply to orders entered on or after July 1, 2016, and to existing instances or future instances in which an offender's death certificate has been presented to the clerk of the court or the court collections investigator.
Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2002 act amending subsection (7)(b), see section 1 of chapter 318, Session Laws of Colorado 2002.
Law reviews. For article, "Review of New Legislation Relating to Criminal Law", see 11 Colo. Law. 2148 (1982).
Annotator's note. The following annotations include cases decided under former provisions similar to this section.
The disposition of arrest records is subject to legislative control. Davidson v. Dill, 180 Colo. 123, 503 P.2d 157 (1972).
The general assembly did not intend that the limitation on expungement set forth in subsection (7)(d) apply to a person who has successfully completed a deferred adjudication. C.B. v. People, 122 P.3d 1065 (Colo. App. 2005).
The Colorado Children's Code does not supply definition of "interested party". In re People in Interest of C.P., 34 Colo. App. 54, 524 P.2d 316 (1974).
C.R.C.P. 24 has no application in proceeding under the Colorado Children's Code, as the code itself expressly contemplates the active participation of interested parties. People in Interest of M.D.C.M., 34 Colo. App. 91, 522 P.2d 1234 (1974).
Since 24-72-308 concerns the sealing of criminal records and juvenile delinquency proceedings are noncriminal in nature, the trial court should have proceeded under the expungement provisions set forth in this section when considering a petition to seal arrest and criminal records relating to a juvenile delinquency case. C.B. v. People, 122 P.3d 1065 (Colo. App. 2005).