As used in this part 8, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) Domestic violence means an act or threatened act of violence upon a person with whom the actor is or has been involved in an intimate relationship. Domestic violence also includes any other crime against a person, or against property, including an animal, or any municipal ordinance violation against a person, or against property, including an animal, when used as a method of coercion, control, punishment, intimidation, or revenge directed against a person with whom the actor is or has been involved in an intimate relationship.
(2) Intimate relationship means a relationship between spouses, former spouses, past or present unmarried couples, or persons who are both the parents of the same child regardless of whether the persons have been married or have lived together at any time.
Source: L. 89: Entire section added, p. 909, 1, effective April 4. L. 94: (1) amended, p. 2020, 1, effective June 3; entire section amended, p. 2025, 1, effective July 1. L. 95: IP and (1) amended, p. 566, 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (1) amended, p. 726, 7, effective July 1.
Editors note: Subsection (1) was amended in Senate Bill 94-51. Those amendments were superseded by the amendment of the entire section in House Bill 94-1253.
Law reviews. For article, Injunctive Remedies for Interpersonal Violence, see 18 Colo. Law. 1743 (1989). For article, 1994 Legislature Strengthens Domestic Violence Protective Orders, see 23 Colo. Law. 2327 (1994).
Evidence of a sexual relationship is not necessary to establish the existence of an intimate relationship. People v. Disher, 224 P.3d 254 (Colo. 2010).
A sexual relationship may be an indicator, but never a necessary condition, of an intimate relationship for purposes of the Colorado domestic violence statute. The relationship must be more than that of a roommate, friend, or acquaintance, and there must be a romantic attachment or shared parental status between the parties. People v. Disher, 224 P.3d 254 (Colo. 2010).
When determining whether a relationship is an intimate relationship, a court may take into account the following three factors: (1) The length of time the relationship has existed or did exist; (2) the nature or type of the relationship; and (3) the frequency of interaction between the parties. People v. Disher, 224 P.3d 254 (Colo. 2010).
The existence of a dating relationship indicates the kind of romantic attachment required by the statute. Whether that dating relationship was sexual in nature should not have been the determining factor. People v. Disher, 224 P.3d 254 (Colo. 2010).